The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) increased its IDP estimates for Yemen to over 10,000,000 people by the end of 2016. The country has been suffering from a civil war between the Houthis (Za'ireen al-Huthi) and the Saudi-backed government for six years. The civil war has caused mass displacement and famine in the country, and crossed national borders to impact neighboring countries. The conflict led to the largest outbreak of cholera in recent history, killing thousands of people and displacing millions of others.
The most significant event in the Burmese political history since the 1988 uprising was the army takeover of the country in July 1988. In 2014, a new government was elected and a quasi-civilian government was formed, which brought major political changes and offered some hope for political reforms in the country. Recent changes in the informal online media environment have been particularly important.
One key difference between the Burmese and the Chinese systems is the lack of censorship by the Burmese censors, as demanded by the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC). The Burmese regime does not have such a structure. The SPDC censors websites such as Facebook and Twitter several times per month using automatic filtering software. The regime imposes limits on the use of Internet communication software such as Skype, WhatsApp and Viber using higher-level blocking technology. However, the level of censorship is low compared to China, where the Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC) targets individual users and individual users voluntarily self-censor. The CAC has a leading role in the governance of the Internet in China, regulating platforms such as Tencent, Sina Weibo, and Youku Tudou.
Burma is a predominantly Theravada Buddhist state. It comprises five ethnic groups: Burmans, Chin, Kachin, Kayah, and Wa, among others. Most of the population lives in the lowlands along the Irrawaddy River. Buddhist culture and monasteries have long been a source of social and political power in the country. d2c66b5586